PHIL112 North Carolina Mackie’s Moral Skepticism Paper

– Your final paper should generally follow the topic and structure of your corrected and returned final prospectus.

– Your final paper must be 9-10 pages, double-spaced (approx. 2500 words).

– It is due by May 6 @ Noon.

– Below is the the final prospectus that I did with my professor’s notes on what I should correct for my final paper. Take this into account when writing the paper please.

– Also attached is are the two sources I used to collect information to support the argument.

 

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Reply to the classmate

Reply the classmates response

Elizabeth Aleman said:

A moral issue can be defined as a concern that poses implications, either positive or negative, on the individual or another individual. According to the video, moral issues vary from time to time and from one culture to another. The video has several indications of various moral issues as perceived from different cultures such as in the Maasai culture of east Africa where the Maasai community is known for syphoning blood from cows. Secondly, we have the widespread prejudice against homosexuals where some societies still demonize the act and discriminate against the gay community. Thirdly there is the issue of death sentence as effected by countries such as Singapore as illustrated in the video about the historical death sentence of a Dutch, Johannes Van Damme in 1994 for drug trafficking (Elosegui,2012).

The fourth moral issue in the video was the Rwandese genocide when the Hutu and the Tutsi collided over political concerns leading to widespread genocide across the country. The fifth moral issue is slavery; where many individuals in Asian communities are subjected to extreme unpaid labor. The video also defines the issue of gender roles in most societies as being an ethical issue where it is difficult to define the roles of the woman and the man in the family. Lastly, the video also illustrates child labor as a moral issue where a child after the death of his father and ailing of his mother is forced to work for a total of forty four hours a week at the mines to support himself and his mother (Elosegui,2012). The core of ethics according to J.Rachels is that individuals should act in a way that they promote the interests and the welfare of the people affected by the actions such that each of the affected individuals has weight (Elosegui,2012).

Moral relativism can be defined as the perception that moral evaluations are not based on absolute standards and can only be defined to be true or false according to the context (Horell, 2013). According to moral relativism, no particular standpoint can be unique over others. In the video, the incidence of child labor can be evaluated with the moral relativism approach. In the child labor case, Andres is a child who lost his father and happened to live with an ailing mother. The fact that Andres is forced to work in the mines for a total of forty four hours a week raises a moral debate in from most people’s perception since a child should have adequate time to play with their peers and also to go to school (Elosegui,2012). Using moral relativism, we can justify Andres’s work at the mines as moral since it’s the only way he can be able to bring food on the table and also take care of his ailing mother. Moral relativism in this case, therefore, also puts into perspective the situation of the child.

Moral absolutism, on the other hand, unlike moral relativism, is a moral notion that absolute scales exist from which we can evaluate whether or not an act is moral or immoral (Horell,2013). The concept of moral absolutism, therefore, overlooks the context and declares actions inherently as moral or immoral without considering factors such as beliefs and the motives of the individual. From the video, the incidence of Rwandese genocide can be evaluated with the absolute relativism. The Rwandese genocide that took place in 1994 between the Hutu and the Tutsi tribes of Rwanda led to an estimated loss of eight hundred thousand lives. Intentionally murdering another person especially on ideological grounds can never be justified and thus using the moral absolutist’s perspective, we can hold that it was morally wrong for the people to kill each other as there several other methods of conflict resolution other than death.

 

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about a philosophy journal

For this journal assignment, you will identify the fallacy each argument is making, then explain how it is fallacious using the identified fallacy. Here is an example:

1. The sign on the deli door says “No Animals allowed.” I guess we’ll have to find another place for lunch, since we’re humans and humans are clearly animals.

This argument commits the fallacy of equivocation, which “occurs when a key terms in an argument is ambiguous” (Boss, 137). Here, the term “animals” can be interpreted two ways: non-human animals like pets, or animals in the more inclusive sense to also include humans.

Each question below will be worth two points each; one point if you correctly identify the fallacy, and one point if you correctly explain how the fallacy applies. Remember to cite your sources!

Due: Sunday, Apr 28, 2019 by 11:59pmQuestionsYou shouldn’t listen to Tom’s ideas about implementing a new recycling program on campus; he’s a loser!Atoms are invisible to the naked eye. Therefore, I must be invisible since I am made up of atoms.I don’t see why you are so concerned with global warming and switching your light bubs to those new energy-efficient ones. Terrorism is a much bigger threat than global warming.Embryonic stem cell research should be banned. It is a gateway to all other sorts of genetic engineering in humans and will lead to the exploitation of poor women as fetus farms.Clarrisa had to drop out of college because she gained ten pounds her freshman year and is worried this will increase her risk of getting diabetes. Clearly, higher education is hazardous to your health!

 

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PHIL250 British Columbia Elizabeth Bouvia Case study Discussion

Personal Autonomy and Moral Agency

answer these 3 questions on the case Elizabeth Bouvia. Answer questions 1,3,4.

 

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Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia Legalization Essay

Submit your essay to turnitin as well as in hard copy.

Please Write your own words.

Pay attention to grammar and organization

 

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Composite Functions, Domains, algebra homework help

Please see attached study guide.

 

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Relational Database Research Paper

For Part 2 of this Competency Assessment, you will address the following questions in a Word doc and upload it to the Assessment Dropbox:

A set can be a collection of any type of object ranging from people to places to things. Basic set theory includes the study of subsets, proper subsets, finite and infinite sets, and the logical operations on them. Set theory plays a foundational role in mathematical processes and ideas and has parallels to processes and ideas in computer engineering. This Assessment looks at two applications of the set theory to programming and databases.

Choose one of the topics below.Topic 1: Relational Databases: The relational database model was created by E.F. Codd in 1969 and is founded on set theory and logic. A relational database stores data in tables as well as relationships among these tables.Topic 2: Object Oriented Programming: Object Oriented Programming (OOP) is a type of programming paradigm that uses “objects” defined by both attributes and functions. Programmers can create instances of these objects and furthermore relationships between them for many different applications.

Write a college-level, compare and contrast essay of your chosen topic in your own words that highlights the similarities and differences between key concepts of your chosen topic and the concepts of sets. Include the following:

1) Research your chosen topic online and share two sites in APA format that will further the class understanding of this topic.

2) How are the concepts of sets utilized?

3) How are (proper and regular) subsets characterized?

4) How are relationships described?

5) Give an example of how a Venn diagram could be used to visualize some of the concepts related to this topic. You may use the software of your choice for the Venn diagram. A few online options are creatly.com or cosketch.com as well as Microsoft Word or Microsoft PowerPoint.

Every piece of writing should have an introduction, body, and conclusion. A good way to plan this particular reflective essay is to write an introduction to the essay. Next, write at least three body paragraphs and address each of the points listed above. End your essay with a conclusion paragraph tying all of your ideas together.

You are expected to use outside resources for this essay. Cite outside sources in proper APA format. You can find numerous APA resources in the Writing Center Writing Reference Library on the Research, Citation, and Plagiarism page.

 

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Decision Making Process Infograpic

The assignment for Week 4 gives students a chance to examine their own decision-making process as well as use a creative method to illustrate the stages of the process. This gives students the opportunity to take their real world, personal decision and relate it to their future work and careers.

Assignment Steps

Develop a 700-word evaluation of a recent business decision in your work or desired career.

Include the following: Discuss the influence the decision-making process had on the outcome.Evaluate the effectiveness of the process. What stages were most challenging and why. THIS IS A TWO PART ASSIGNMENT!! 1. INFOGRAPHIC 2.700 WORD EVALUATION.

Create a “Decision-Making Process” infographic in an appropriate format for the organization based on the action plan. This can be done using Microsoft® PowerPoint®, Microsoft®Publisher®, Word, or sites such as Glogster® and PiktoChart®. Select a decision you made recently as it relates to your work or desired career.Identify the stages of the decision making process as it relates to your decision.

Format consistent with APA guidelines.

 

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write the responses for following answers. The response posts must be between 75-100 words for each answers.

Unit 1 Chapter 1

1. What are some things the allegory suggests about the process of enlightenment or education?

The allegory suggests that the process of enlightenment is brought forth through those people who have thought outside of the box. Those same people who have thought outside the box have set the standards and knowledge that we know today. If you never strive to think outside of what you don’t know, they you will never know what your missing out, and that is what enlightenment is about. The allegory suggests that you must keep looking up and further out to gain knowledge and be enlightened. The process includes stepping out of what you have always known.

Chapter 1

2. The allegory presupposes that there is a distinction between appearances and reality. Do you agree? Why or why not?

I think that there is a difference between reality and appearance. Just like in the allegory, the prisoners killed the lone prisoner who was forced to go outside the cave. Humans do have the tendency to judge and comply with what we know already. We are very critical of the other side without actually investigating what the other side is actually like, and when we finally do branch out we become “enlightened.” A lot of things are like that though. People can tell you about anything, but until you see it with your own eyes you only see what it appears to be like.

Unit 2 Chapter 6

3. Do you think that being self-interested is a bad thing? If so, why? If not, why not?

I think that being self-interested is not a bad thing. I believe you have to be self-interested even if someone doesn’t want to be. What I mean by that is having a self-interest results in someone usually having success and being able to give back. So someone that sees himself as someone that has a calling still has a self interest, but can also focus on others and even give back. Someone has to be motivated by something in order to complete something typically and that could be fame or money or really anything. So, if someone is self-interested they are concerned about their general well being, and being able to live a good life, but also if they want to have the opportunity to give back to others.

Chapter. 6:

Do you agree with Hobbes that our natural condition is one of lawlessness and violence? How do you think you would behave if you knew you could get away with whatever you wanted to? Do we only obey the laws out of fear of punishment?

I don’t agree that our natural condition is one of lawlessness and violence. I believe that once we are given restrictions, we naturally have the urge to go against the rules. If we were not given any regulations, most of society would not have a strong desire to be violent or become lawlessness. I think many people obey the laws because they are afraid of the consequences. But there are also people that are curious and want to see if they can violate the law while avoiding getting caught. Many people get a thrill from risks by knowing that they can get caught. If there were no laws, the risk factor would not exist.

Unit 3 Chapter 9

5. What does Sartre mean when he says “existence precedes essence”? Do you think this is a correct characterization of the human condition? Why or why not?

Sartre means that without a God, someone has to be present and essentially start the civilization before there is any meaning behind it. He is saying that the first person has yet to determine what being a person and life is all about. There had to be one being that was present before all other beings, which consequentially was before any thing was defined. Because I am a religious person, I do not feel that this is the correct characterization; however, if I wasn’t, I can see the sense in this logic. I understand how Sartre concluded that there would have to be one person to start it all and this one person, all alone, would have yet to have a determined existence and to make sense of what living and existing is all about.

Chapter 9

6. Do you agree that if “God does not exist, everything is permitted?” Why or why not?

I disagree with this statement because I think people have a moral compass with or without God. I don’t think that without a God, the world would have no laws or no law abiding people. Maybe some people are stemmed by religion to be better people, but I still believe that people are aware of good and bad, and a lot of people do good deeds for the sake of it, and not just for God, for a religious benefit, or in hopes of a better afterlife.

I think there is far more depth to people than an inclination to be bad that is only prevented by a presence of God. This is evident in the many atheists who are good people and law abiding citizens. People, myself included, take it upon themselves as a duty to be accountable for actions. Freedom and lack of a God would not cause people to lose all sense of responsibility.

 

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write a 250 word essay and answer 3 question at 80 words a piece totalling 490 words

INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY

PLATO

SOCRATES

Choose one of the 6 themes that we did this term (Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Political Philosophy, Deity, or Human nature), and write a short essay (250 word minimum) reflecting on that theme in the history of philosophy.

Discuss at least four (4) thinkers over the history of philosophy, and what their ideas were on that theme. You can also include such things as: Which thinker(s) did you think had the best ideas on that theme?, What did you find interesting?, What did you learn that you will remember or use elsewhere in life?

 

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