15. Which of the following statements are correct concerning the security market line tSML} approach to determining the cost of equity for a rm?

please explain 3 and 4, should SML considers both past and future information? Why reward-to-risk ration is constant?

15. Which of the following statements are correct concerning the security market linetSML} approach to determining the cost of equity for a firm? I. The SML approach considers the amount of unsystematic risk associated with a firm.I]. The SMI. approach can be applied to more firms than the dividend growth model can.111. The SML approach considers only funue information. IV. The SML approach assumes the reward-to—rislr ratio is constant. a. I and 111 only 5. 11 and IV only c. III and IV only d. I. II. and [11 only e. I. II. [IL and 1V

 

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AT&T Inc. abandoned a $39 billion takeover bid for T-Mobile USA

AT&T Inc. abandoned a $39 billion takeover bid for T-Mobile USA after underestimating opposition from regulators, thwarting its ambitions to become the biggest U.S. wireless carrier.

AT&T will take a pretax charge of $4 billion to reflect cash payments and other considerations due to T-Mobile-owner Deutsche Telekom AG, the Dallas-based company said in a statement Monday.

AT&T failed to convince the Justice Department, which sued to block the transaction in August, that it could remedy the market impact of absorbing T-Mobile. AT&T would have spent months in litigation to try to win court approval for buying the nation’s No. 4 mobile-phone operator in the largest merger and acquisition announced this year globally. The company also faced possible opposition from the Federal Communications Commission.

“They rolled the dice and took their chances,” said Craig Moffett, a Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. analyst in New York. “In the end, it didn’t work out, but that doesn’t mean it was a mistake to try.”

AT&T’s decision came after the judge in the Justice Department lawsuit agreed on Dec. 12 to put the case on hold as the telephone company decided whether or how to revise the transaction. The delay may have made it more difficult for AT&T to close the deal by the Sept. 20 deadline.

AT&T Chief Executive Officer Randall Stephenson said in March, when the deal was announced, that he was confident of receiving regulatory clearance. He said the combination would help improve service, speed up investment in faster networks and drive wireless expansion in rural areas. The deal would have added T-Mobile’s 33.7 million customers to AT&T’s 100.7 million subscribers, surpassing Verizon Wireless’s 107.7 million.

Critics of the deal said it would eliminate an aggressive price competitor, driving up subscription costs. T-Mobile’s wireless plans are $15 to $50 cheaper than comparable AT&T plans, according to an analysis by Consumer Reports.

For Deutsche Telekom, the collapse of the deal leaves it with one more subscriber-losing business as the Bonn-based company confronts the fallout from Europe’s debt crisis. Deutsche Telekom had planned to use the proceeds to cut debt by 13 billion euros ($16.9 billion) and repurchase 5 billion euros of its shares. The company also needs funds to upgrade fiber and wireless networks in Germany and other European markets.

AT&T and Deutsche Telekom pulled their applications to the FCC on Nov. 24, with AT&T announcing the same day that it would record $4 billion in costs this quarter to reflect the risk of the deal collapsing.

The withdrawal came after FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski asked the commission on Nov. 22 to send the proposal to an agency judge for a hearing. The same move by the FCC in 2002 helped block EchoStar Communications Corp.’s acquisition of satellite-TV rival DirecTV.

According to the terms of the offer, AT&T must pay Deutsche Telekom a $3 billion breakup fee in cash, transfer radio spectrum to T-Mobile and strike a more favorable network-sharing agreement. Deutsche Telekom has valued the breakup package at as much as $7 billion.

In an effort to sell the deal to regulators and the public, AT&T vowed to honor the T-Mobile service plan prices after the merger. The company also vowed to bring 5,000 call-center jobs currently based overseas to the U.S. in the event of approval.

 

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Review the “AT&T Pulls $39 Billion T-Mobile Bid on Regulatory Opposition (Links to an external site.)”

Review the “AT&T Pulls $39 Billion T-Mobile Bid on Regulatory Opposition (Links to an external site.)” article.

In 2011, AT&T attempted a merger with T-Mobile. The Justice Department sued under the act, claiming that the merger would constitute a violation of the antitrust laws. In 2012, AT&T dropped its attempt at the acquisition.

If AT&T had merged with T-Mobile, would the merger have violated antitrust laws? Why, or why not? Do not be unduly influenced by the Justice Department’s stance on the issue. Use your own analysis to reach a conclusion.

Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your fellow students’ posts in a substantive manner. Some ways to do this include the following, though you may choose a different approach, providing your response is substantive:

Agree or disagree with your classmate’s position. Defend your position by using information from the week’s readings or examples from current events.

Review the “AT&T Pulls $39 Billion T-Mobile Bid on Regulatory Opposition (Links to an external site.)” article.

In 2011, AT&T attempted a merger with T-Mobile. The Justice Department sued under the act, claiming that the merger would constitute a violation of the antitrust laws. In 2012, AT&T dropped its attempt at the acquisition.

If AT&T had merged with T-Mobile, would the merger have violated antitrust laws? Why, or why not? Do not be unduly influenced by the Justice Department’s stance on the issue. Use your own analysis to reach a conclusion.

Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your fellow students’ posts in a substantive manner. Some ways to do this include the following, though you may choose a different approach, providing your response is substantive:

Agree or disagree with your classmate’s position. Defend your position by using information from the week’s readings or examples from current events.

 

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Methods Of Service

Methods of Service” Please respond to the following:

  • Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedures states:

“There shall be a complaint and an answer; a reply to a counterclaim; an answer to a cross claim, if the answer contains a cross claim; a third-party complaint, if a person who was not an original party is summoned under the provisions of Rule 14; and a third-party answer, if a third-party complaint is served. No other pleading shall be allowed, except that the court may order a reply to an answer or a third-party answer.”

  • Differentiate between the functions of a complaint, an answer, and a reply, and explain the uses of each. Provide an example of each.
  • From the e-Activity, the appellant was ordered by the court to furnish her social security number, her unlisted telephone number, the names of any drug and alcohol treatment centers she had utilized, and any prescription drugs appellant may have taken on the day of the accident. The appellant filed her notice of appeal, and raised the following two assignments of error or grounds for appeal: 1) the trial court erred in ordering the defendant to disclose her prescription drug use; and 2) such information is privileged pursuant to R.C. 2317. Determine whether you would side with the plaintiff or defendant in this case and justify your position. Methods of Service” Please respond to the following:
    • Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedures states:

    “There shall be a complaint and an answer; a reply to a counterclaim; an answer to a cross claim, if the answer contains a cross claim; a third-party complaint, if a person who was not an original party is summoned under the provisions of Rule 14; and a third-party answer, if a third-party complaint is served. No other pleading shall be allowed, except that the court may order a reply to an answer or a third-party answer.”

    • Differentiate between the functions of a complaint, an answer, and a reply, and explain the uses of each. Provide an example of each.
    • From the e-Activity, the appellant was ordered by the court to furnish her social security number, her unlisted telephone number, the names of any drug and alcohol treatment centers she had utilized, and any prescription drugs appellant may have taken on the day of the accident. The appellant filed her notice of appeal, and raised the following two assignments of error or grounds for appeal: 1) the trial court erred in ordering the defendant to disclose her prescription drug use; and 2) such information is privileged pursuant to R.C. 2317. Determine whether you would side with the plaintiff or defendant in this case and justify your position.
 

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Go to the following website: www.plol.org

Go to the following website:   www.plol.org

 

Find a recent case (in the past 6 months) on a Constitutional Law or Tort Law topic that we discuss in this class.  This topic will be for your Written Project

 

Print out the case from that cite, read the case and submit a written brief of this case.  Discuss:

 

1. The facts of the case (tell me what happened prior to trial that led up to the case)

2.  The law(s) that were affected

3. The issues at hand (this will be the topic that you chose; if there are more issues than your topic, just concentrate on your issue)

4.  Trial Courts ruling.  

5.  If this is an Appeals Court – appellate court’s ruling (all of the courts who heard this case need to be discussed)

6.  Why the court held that way

7.  If you think the decision was ethical and fair or not – and why or why not.

 

You also need to submit the actual case itself along with the brief.

 

Due:MAY 29TH at 11:55 p.m.

THIS PROJECT IS WORTH 10% OF YOUR OVERALL GRADE.

Go to the following website:   www.plol.org

 

Find a recent case (in the past 6 months) on a Constitutional Law or Tort Law topic that we discuss in this class.  This topic will be for your Written Project

 

Print out the case from that cite, read the case and submit a written brief of this case.  Discuss:

 

1. The facts of the case (tell me what happened prior to trial that led up to the case)

2.  The law(s) that were affected

3. The issues at hand (this will be the topic that you chose; if there are more issues than your topic, just concentrate on your issue)

4.  Trial Courts ruling.  

5.  If this is an Appeals Court – appellate court’s ruling (all of the courts who heard this case need to be discussed)

6.  Why the court held that way

7.  If you think the decision was ethical and fair or not – and why or why not.

 

You also need to submit the actual case itself along with the brief.

 

Due:MAY 29TH at 11:55 p.m.

THIS PROJECT IS WORTH 10% OF YOUR OVERALL GRADE.

 

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Order 1054652: Constitutional Law or Tort Law

How to Brief Cases

To fully understand the law with respect to business, you need to be able to read and understand court decisions. To make this task easier, you can use a method of case analysis that is called briefing. There is a fairly standard procedure that you can follow when you “brief” any court case. You must first read the case opinion carefully. When you feel you understand the case, you can prepare a brief of it.

Although the format of the brief may vary, typically it will pre-sent the essentials of the case under headings such as those listed below.

1. Citation. Give the full citation for the case, including the name of the case, the date it was decided, and the court that decided it.

2. Facts. Briefly indicate (a) the reasons for the lawsuit; (b) the identity and arguments of the plaintiff(s) and defendant(s), respectively; and (c) the lower court’s decision—if appropriate.

3. Issue. Concisely phrase, in the form of a question, the essential issue before the court. (If more than one issue is involved, you may have two—or even more—questions here.)

4. Decision. Indicate here—with a “yes” or “no,” if possible—the court’s answer to the question (or questions) in the Issue section above.

5. Reason. Summarize as briefly as possible the reasons given by the court for its decision (or decisions) and the case or statutory law relied on by the court in arriving at its decision.

For a case-specific example of what should be included under each of the above headings when briefing a case, see the review of the sample court case presented in the appendix to Chapter 1 of this text.

Analyzing Case Problems

In addition to learning how to brief cases, students of business law and the legal environment also find it helpful to know how to analyze case problems. Part of the study of business law and the legal environment usually involves analyzing case problems, such as those included in this text at the end of each chapter.

For each case problem in this book, we provide the relevant background and facts of the lawsuit and the issue before the court. When you are assigned one of these problems, your job will be to determine how the court should decide the issue, and why. In other words, you will need to engage in legal analysis and reasoning. Here, we offer some suggestions on how to make this task less daunting. We begin by presenting a sample case problem:

While Janet Lawson, a famous pianist, was shopping in Quality Market, she slipped and fell on a wet floor in one of the aisles. The floor had recently been mopped by one of the store’s employees, but there were no signs warning customers that the floor in that area was wet. As a result of the fall, Lawson injured her right arm and was unable to perform piano concerts for the next six months. Had she been able to perform the scheduled concerts, she would have earned approximately $60,000 over that period of time. Lawson sued Quality Market for this amount, plus another $10,000 in medical expenses. She claimed that the store’s failure to warn customers of the wet floor constituted negligence and therefore the market was liable for her injuries. Will the court agree with Lawson? Discuss.

Understand the Facts

This may sound obvious, but before you can analyze or apply the relevant law to a specific set of facts, you must clearly understand those facts. In other words, you should read through the case problem carefully—more than once, if necessary—to make sure you understand the identity of the plaintiff(s) and defendant(s) in the case and the progression of events that led to the lawsuit.

In the sample case problem just given, the identity of the parties is fairly obvious. Janet Lawson is the one bringing the suit; therefore, she is the plaintiff. Lawson is bringing the suit against Quality Market, so it is the defendant. Some of the case problems you may work on have multiple plaintiffs or defendants. Often, it is helpful to use abbreviations for the parties. To indicate a reference to a plaintiff, for example, the pi symbol—π—is often used, and a defendant is denoted by a delta—∆—a triangle.

The events leading to the lawsuit are also fairly straightforward. Lawson slipped and fell on a wet floor, and she contends that Quality Market should be liable for her injuries because it was negligent in not posting a sign warning customers of the wet floor.

When you are working on case problems, realize that the facts should be accepted as they are given. For instance, in our sample problem, it should be accepted that the floor was wet and that there was no sign. In other words, avoid making conjectures, such as “Maybe the floor wasn’t too wet,” or “Maybe an employee was getting a sign to put up,” or “Maybe someone stole the sign.” Questioning the facts as they are presented only adds confusion to your analysis.

Legal Analysis and Reasoning

Once you understand the facts given in the case problem, you can begin to analyze the case. The IRAC method is a helpful tool to use in the legal analysis and reasoning process. IRAC is an acronym for Issue, Rule, Application, Conclusion. Applying this method to our sample problem would involve the following steps:

1. First, you need to decide what legal ISSUE is involved in the case. In our sample case, the basic issue is whether Quality Market’s failure to warn customers of the wet floor constituted negligence. Negligence is a tort—a civil wrong. In a tort lawsuit, the plaintiff seeks to be compensated for another’s wrongful act. A defendant will be deemed negligent if he or she breached a duty of care owed to the plaintiff and the breach of that duty caused the plaintiff to suffer harm.

2. Once you have identified the issue, the next step is to determine what rule of law applies to the issue. To make this determination, you will want to carefully review the text discussion relating to the issue involved in the problem. Our sample case problem involves the tort of negligence. The applicable rule of law is the tort law principle that business owners owe a duty to exercise reasonable care to protect their customers (business invitees). Reasonable care, in this context, includes either removing—or warning customers of—foreseeable risks about which the owner knew or should have known. Business owners need not warn customers of “open and obvious” risks, however. If a business owner breaches this duty of care (fails to exercise the appropriate degree of care toward customers), and the breach of duty causes a customer to be injured, the business owner will be liable to the customer for the customer’s injuries.

3. The next—and usually the most difficult—step in analyzing case problems is the application of the relevant rule of law to the specific facts of the case you are studying. In our sample problem, applying the tort law principle just discussed presents few difficulties. An employee of the store had mopped the floor in the aisle where Lawson slipped and fell, but no sign was present indicating that the floor was wet. That a customer might fall on a wet floor is clearly a foreseeable risk. Therefore, the failure to warn customers about the wet floor was a breach of the duty of care owed by the business owner to the store’s customers.

4. Once you have completed Step 3 in the IRAC method, you should be ready to draw your conclusion. In our sample problem, Quality Market is liable to Lawson for her injuries because the market’s breach of its duty of care caused Lawson’s injuries.

The fact patterns in the case problems presented in this text are not always as simple as those presented in our sample problem. Often, a case has more than one plaintiff or defendant. A case may also involve more than one issue and have more than one applicable rule of law. Furthermore, in some case problems the facts may indicate that the general rule of law should not apply. Suppose that a store employee told Lawson about the wet floor and advised her not to walk in that aisle, but Lawson decided to walk there anyway. This fact could alter the outcome of the case because the store could then raise the defense of assumption of risk. Nonetheless, a careful review of the chapter should always provide you with the knowledge you need to analyze the problem thoroughly and arrive at accurate conclusions.

 

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You will complete an in-depth analysis of a current labor event in one of the following countries: China, Hong Kong, France, England/UK, Germany, or…

You will complete an in-depth analysis of a current labor event in one of the following countries: China, Hong Kong, France, England/UK, Germany, or Mexico. Pick a single specific topic of labor relations to evaluate, such as strikes, formation, impasse resolution, etc. Pick one of the listed countries to investigate how the chosen labor relations topic is complied with or handled in that country. Research the Internet for 3-5 reputable sources regarding how the issue in the comparison country is handled. Reference the textbook and any chosen additional outside research sources as to how the chosen topic is handled in the United States prepare a comparison between the United States and the chosen alternate country regarding that aspect of labor relations; for instance, a comparison of how negotiation impasse in labor relations bargaining is handled in China compared to the United States. Comparative graphs are encouraged.

Your paper will be in APA style and in Microsoft Word (.doc or.docx) or rich text format (.rtf), and it will be 5-7 pages in length not including a title page or reference page and any graphics chosen. You must include references to articles or news events discussed as well as at least three additional references to include the text. Refer to the rubric on the next page for grading criteria.

 

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For the exclusive use of V. Roche, 2016. CMR 432, 08/01/09 S u m m e r 2 0 0 9 | V o l . 5 1 , N o . 4 | R E P R I N T S E R I E S California…

Please do not say you can do this if you can’t. I need it done by tomorrow . It only has to be 3 pages double spaced but I can’t do because I am working on my thesis. Please read through to make sure u can do before u answer yes

I need to do a critique on a topic in a chapter. I will attach the guidelines. and the chapter to critique as well as case studies

Your personal opinion is not particularly relevant at this point; you are to research articles in the academic press and, based on these articles, report what the authors of those articles would have to say about the ideas presented in the chapter in question which is 5.2 Motivation and technology performance. As this is a critique, do not be concerned if the experts disagree with the textbook’s author or with each other; contrarian views are encouraged;

you must make reference to at least three articles from the academic press PLUS tie in the case readings from the Harvard Business School Press. The MUN library search portal is a good place to start.

You are also encouraged to make reference to information contained in the module readings from the Harvard Business School press,but I expect you to find at least three additional articles from the academic press using the library’s search portal;

  • Attachment 1
  • Attachment 2
  • Attachment 3
  • Attachment 4
  • Attachment 5
  • Attachment 6

Chapter Critiques Guidelines:As part of this course, you will analyze and critique three chapters from the text book– chapter 2, chapter 5 and chapter 10. Each analysis will follow these generalguidelines: Your write-up will begin with an Executive Summary of the key points made inyour chapter critique (one page – double spaced ); Next you are to write-up a Chapter Summary of the key points made in thechapter in question (a page or two – double spaced ); You will then proceed to discuss two of the major topics from the chapter andwhat experts in the field of management have to say about these topics (3 or 4pages double spaced); Your personal opinion is not particularly relevant at this point; you are toresearch articles in the academic press and, based on these articles, report whatthe authors of those articles would have to say about the ideas presented in thechapter in question. As this is a critique, do not be concerned if the expertsdisagree with the textbook’s author or with each other; contrarian views areencouraged; In each write up, you must make reference to at least three articles from theacademic press PLUS tie in the case readings from the Harvard BusinessSchool Press. The MUN library search portal is a good place to start. You are also encouraged to make reference to information contained in themodule readings from the Harvard Business School press, but I expect you tofind at least three additional articles from the academic press using the library’ssearch portal; You will then write a conclusion (a page or two); Use APA format to cite your references; Grammar and style are important and grades will be awarded/deducted asnecessary; Overall, your write up must be no longer than 12 double spacedpages (excluding references/cover page/table of contents, etc.) using a12 pointfont, and marks may be deducted for submissions that are either too long or tooshort; The first critique (on Chapter 2) and the second critique (on Chapter 5) will beworth 25% each and are considered group assignments. The groups will berandomly assigned and then posted in the Main discussion forum at least twoweeks before the critique is due. Each critique is to be submitted via the dropbox, but only one member of the group should submit the final product orcritique on behalf of the entire group. Also, each group member’s contributionto the critique is to be submitted via the same drop box in an appropriatelylabeled file that includes the individual’s initials (as previously mentioned); The third or final critique (on Chapter 10) will be worth 30% and will be anindividual assignment. Please note the due dates on the Course Schedule as late submissions will notbe accepted; Your write ups must be submitted as PDF or Word documents. Finally,make sure your names are actually written on the front page of your submissionbecause I print them off when I grade them, and if your names are not there, itwill take me longer to get everyone’s papers returned.Please ensure that the files containing your final group submission have yourgroup number in the file name. For individual submissions ensure that yourinitials are included in the file name.

 

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Evaluate the onboarding program of an organization where you are or have been employed or one you are familiar with.

Evaluate the onboarding program of an organization where you are or have been employed or one you are familiar with. Do you believe it is effective in successfully integrating new employees into the organization? Why or why not?

*Please see below required and recommended reading to answer this question.

Required reading

New Employee Orientation

New Employee Orientation: Employee Onboardinghttps://www.thebalancecareers.com/new-employee-orientation-employee-onboarding-1918195

Tips for a Better New Employee Orientation

https://www.thebalancecareers.com/tips-for-a-better-new-employee-orientation-1916757

Employee Orientation: Keeping New Employees on Board

https://www.thebalancecareers.com/employee-orientation-keeping-new-employees-on-board-1919035

Employee Onboarding

Steps for Creating a Positive Onboarding Experience for New Employees

https://www.thebalancecareers.com/employee-onboarding-positive-new-employee-experience-1918830

How to Welcome and Onboard a New Employee

https://www.thebalancecareers.com/how-to-welcome-a-new-employee-1918829

Onboarding Process: Get Your New Employees Up to Speed Quickly

https://www.thebalancecareers.com/overhaul-employee-onboarding-process-with-software-4169954

New Employee Onboarding Programs and Person-Organization Fit: An Examination of Socialization Tactics

New Employee Onboarding as a Driver of Employee Engagement

https://trainingmag.com/new-hire-onboarding-driver-employee-engagement/

Why the Onboarding Experience is Key for Retention

https://www.gallup.com/workplace/235121/why-onboarding-experience-key-retention.aspx

Recommended reading

How to Build an Onboarding Plan for a New Hire

https://www.inc.com/guides/2010/04/building-an-onboarding-plan.html

How to Make an Employee’s First 90 Days Successful?

https://www.inc.com/guides/2010/12/how-to-make-an-employees-first-90-days-successful.html

Employee Orientation and Training

Seven New Onboarding Strategies You’ll See This Year

https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescoachescouncil/2017/01/30/seven-new-onboarding-strategies-youll-see-this-year/#235f45db7b4d

Reinvent Your Onboarding Process

https://www.hrci.org/community/blogs-and-announcements/hr-leads-business-blog/certification-matters/2017/06/01/reinvent-your-onboarding-process

New Employee Onboarding Guide

https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/hr-topics/talent-acquisition/pages/new-employee-onboarding-guide.aspx

What is Employee Onboarding and Why do You Need It?

https://blog.shrm.org/blog/what-is-employee-onboarding-and-why-do-you-need-it?_ga=2.110698565.1743394787.1542496676-1232592599.1505600439

 

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1) Why are natural sciences also referred to as “pure” sciences?

1) Why are natural sciences also referred to as “pure” sciences?

a)They are considered standalone bodies of unique knowledge.

b)They are the only sciences to which the scientific method can be applied.

c)They are the original sciences upon which all others are based.

d)They are not affected by subjectivity in the way other sciences are.

2)Which of the following does not represent an example of the applied sciences as they are used in health care today?

a)Social work

b)Psychotherapy

c)Examination of care disparities

d)Pathology

3)Roberta firmly believes that individual experiences are the source of all knowledge in the world. As a scientist, she acknowledges her role as a participant in the experiments she performs and does consider herself merely a disconnected observer of phenomenon. Roberta’s views are most closely reflective of which school of scientific thought?

a)Natural science

b)Human science

c)Applied science

c)Soft science

4)What is the ultimate goal of the scientific method?

a)Application of scientific results to a related body of knowledge in order to meet some type of human need.

b) Examination of the decisions made by scientist to understand the ways in which subjectivity was introduced to the experiment.

c) Reproducible experimental results that do not take researcher individuality into account.

d) Improving the situation or process used in the experiment to yield more accurate results in repeat experiments.

5) Which of the following best describes the aim of natural sciences?

a) Affirmation of the importance of cultural understanding by uncovering the common subjective biases of different disciplines.

b) Improvement of the quality of life by understanding what helps people maximize their functional abilities.

c) Utilization of knowledge by applying it to a specific purpose in order to better a situation or change viewpoints.

d) Development of knowledge for the sake of developing knowledge, discovering truth, and controlling outcomes.

6) Which of the following statements most accurately encapsulates Thomas Kuhn’s proposed philosophy of science?

a) Science philosophy should address both the conceptual and empirical problems of science and serve as merely a problem-solving activity.

b) Science philosophy should focus on concept . clarification and concept analysis based on theory development and synthesis.

c) Science philosophy should resolve conceptual problems in science without being limited to the development of theories.

d) Science philosophy should examine the process of science, rather than the product of science, according to a disciplinary matrix known as a paradigm.

7) Which of the following philosophies is not part of the larger philosophical tradition known as postmodernism?

a) Historicism

b) Hermeneutics

c) Critical social theory

d) Feminism

8) Which of the following best describes the theoretical basis behind the postmodern understanding of knowledge?

a) Knowledge is a series of classical “truths” that are colored by gender biases, and it gives rise to the theory of masculine superiority.

b) Knowledge and the knower are inseparable, and class and gender have significant influence on what is considered knowledge.

c) Knowledge is developed through observation of the natural world, and can be best applied to hard science.

d) B and C

9) A nurse who adopts a pluralistic view of nursing science would most likely do which of the following?

a) Follow the espoused values and overall worldview of the nursing discipline even it conflicted with his or her personal beliefs.

b) Utilize a problem-solving approach based on Laudan’s philosophy while applying the latest disciplinary trends to his or her practice.

c) Rely on research-proven nursing diagnoses and taxonomies and focus on universal, rather than individual, trends observed in his or her patients.

d) Draw upon a variety of perspectives from the many eras of nursing development to guide his or her personal practice.

10) The consensus statement crafted at the Knowledge Consensus Conference in Boston in 1998 addressed all of the following areas except:

a) The nature of the human person

b) The role of nursing theory

c) The nature of the nurse as an individual

d) The links of each area of understanding to nursing practice

 

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