Just need responses to only 5 of the following (please use examples, experiences, ect when possible). I have put extras so that you have some options.
1. Please respond as if in discussion to the following;
Sensory memory is the shortest form of memory. It is the capability of remembering impressions of sensory data after the original stimuli have ended (Mastin, 2010). Sensory memory is collected through our five sense; taste, touch, sight, hearing, and smell. It deteriorates from our memory very quickly. Sensory memory is the component of perception that exhibits the fundamental step of short term memory (Mastin, 2010). Also, it allows an individual to recollect information in seconds. For instance, if I showed someone a picture of a African jungle, they should be able to cite important details about the picture. The information is stored in their short term memory and some data may be transferred over to one’s long term memory.
2. Please respond as if in discussion;
I think that sensory memory is not only important but impressive. It sorts out important information without us consciously deeming it important and will either forget it or send it to the secondary memory. It is impressive because it can sort through important information, granted it may be due to recitation. Think how much useless information that we would have stored if it were not due to the sensory memory. We would probably have all sorts of stupid little bits stuck in our heads waiting to fade with time.
3. Please respond as if in discussion;
In this section of the reading, I learned a bit of the history of how it was thought for many years that memory was stored in one particular area of the brain. It was also believed that the brain held file cabinet-like areas which held personal experience. I know now that approximately half of that statement was accurate. As it turns out, experiences are held throughout different regions within the brain which are appropriate to the cues of when and where it was collected. Yes, we continue to believe that the brain stores information like a file cabinet. The question today is still in which particular pattern or process this data is put away safely for retrieval purposes.
4. Please respond as if in discussion;
Working memory is a system of many different functions responsible for conscious awareness. The components that make up this system are the central executive, visuospatial sketch pad, phonological loop, and the episodic buffer. Each plays a different role but is connected in the storing and retrieving of information. The phonological loop is responsible for the information of verbal material and the visuospatial sketch pad is responsible for information of visual material. It is suggested that the information of the two can be integrated through a temporary system known as episodic buffering. This information is directed and chosen from the central executive which applies the functioning of working memory to cognitive tasks.
5. Please respond as if in discussion;
Short term memory is most interesting to me because it is a difficult task to accomplish. It has been proven that if you want to remember random items they have to minimal in size and the more lengthy they are requires some additional skills. To cast random numbers and letters consisting of more than l2 items will be most successful with the technique of chucking. Chucking is when you take a random string of letters or numbers and group them together to make a abbreviation are something of significance to the reader. I believe because the average person short term memory only last 20 to 30 seconds a method like chucking is necessary, it is used to teach students, in advertisement, and writing. If short term formation is not rehearsed in a 20 second time frame it is forgotten, if rehearsal is not done the informationdecays according Galotti (2014). The example used is an excellent example of how rehearsing information does save it to our long term memory, ” If I tell you my phone number and you fail to do something to remember it (say, by rehearsing it or writing it down), you’ll be able to remember it only for a maximum of about 30 seconds. After that time, the memory trace will simply decay, and the information will be lost” (pg. 106 Galotti 2014). Class what other information do we rehears to remember later on, my answer is songs, what do you think?
6. Please respond as if in a discussion;
Chunking is the way to “trick” our brains into thinking that there are between 5 to 9 units of information (the number of units that our STM can remember. And again, right on with rehearsal! If we do not rehearse the information within 15 to 30 seconds, it will be lost and it will not then be stored into LTM (long term memory).
My question for the class is this:
Long term memory is predominately processed in the Hippocampus of the brain….so where is short term memory processed?