Continuing on from Research 5. Now that you have stated the problem, the issue, that the author is dealing with, how does the author resolve the matter? How is thesis of the article brought to completion?
The Author’s Resolution – 200 words
Explain the author’s argument, analysis, and the conclusion or resolution reached
For example, the author might have offered an argument, a critique, a new approach
(a) Argument: the author(s) may be offering an argument such that they may even say “we shall argue that…”. Look for stated assumptions, either as identified premises, or necessary principles that underlie the position.
(b) Interpretations are also arguments: basic concepts, definitions, standing theories may be controversial and in need of interpretation. A philosophical treatment may offer a new interpretation or it may critically examine an already given interpretation. The author(s) might even say “we think a new way of defining xyz is needed…etc.). This can also be construed as the opening of an argument. It has parts that fit together a certain way.
(c) Prescription: the author(s) may argue for, lay out a proposal for, a new concept—or again, a criticism of a given prescription (perhaps a standard one in the field. It might also have an argument structure, a rationale for why this or that should be so.
Your Assessment. 200 words:
What makes this article a philosophical article in general and also for the area in the philosophy of X?
(a) What significance does it have for the “X” area in the philosophy of X?
(b) How does a specialized inquiry of this sort reveal the nature of philosophy?
(c) In what ways is philosophy of this sort different from the “popular” notion of a personal belief system?